Badminton

01 Overview

Badminton is a racquet sport often played as singles or doubles, hitting a shuttlecock or ‘birdie’ across a net. It was included in the Summer Olympics in 1992 and is governed locally by Badminton BC. Injuries to the lower extremities are most common, including sprains and fractures, as well as shoulder injuries.

(see Section 04 - Prevention)
Athlete silhouette
View Common Injuries by clicking the blue dots on the silhouette

Ankle injuries, such as ankle sprains and fractures, are one of the most common badminton injuries.

There is a high incidence of Achilles tendon rupture in badminton players. Achilles tendon injuries most commonly occur at the middle or end of a badminton game.

Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee can occur from playing badminton. ACL injuries most frequently occur from a single leg landing after an overhead badminton stroke.

Although lower extremity injuries are the most frequent, shoulder injuries and shoulder pain are also common among badminton players.

02 Injury Statistics

Most badminton injuries occur to the lower extremities. Overall, it is estimated that for every 1,000 hours of playing badminton, a single player of any level will sustain approximately 5 injuries. This is lower among the junior pre-elite players who have started training but are not yet competing, and higher among competitive players.

Curious about the research on injuries?

It is estimated that...

View Summary of Incidence Rates

03 Risk Factors

The majority of badminton injuries occur to the lower extremities. These injuries are most commonly caused by movements involving turning, changing direction, shifting weight, pivoting, twisting, and landing.

  • Knee Position

    A player's knee position when they land after a jump influences the risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. There is a higher incidence of ACL injury during single-leg landing after an overhead stroke, potentially due to increased knee valgus angle and movement following the jump to return to position.

  • Training Load

    More studies are needed to determine whether the amount of training is a risk or protective factor for different badminton injuries. Research has found that players with painful Achilles tendons reported a higher weekly training load, while players with shoulder injuries trained less than uninjured players.

  • Previous Injury

    Suffering a previous shoulder injury can increase your risk of sustaining another shoulder injury by 50%.

04 How can I prevent injury?

Some muscle soreness or joint pain is expected when increasing your level of physical activity. It is important to listen to your body for persistent or worsening pain, and to know when to rest. Learn more about how to prevent injuries in badminton.

  • Participant & Parent

    Talk to your coach or organization about the prevention strategies below and how they might be incorporated into training and policies.

    Strength Training and Neuromuscular Training Program

    The risk of all lower body injuries may be reduced by up to 50% by regular participation in a balance training exercise program with a resistance training component, such as a neuromuscular training warm-up program.

    Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre Neuromuscular Training
    The Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre has developed a neuromuscular training warm-up program that can be adapted to many sports. Incorporating a warm-up program like this one into your training program at least two times per week has been associated with a significant reduction in lower body injuries.

    Click here to view video and poster.

    Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre Neuromuscular Training
    Adopt strength training exercises designed to prevent injuries to the shoulder and back. The Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre has developed exercises that specifically help keep the shoulder strong and reduce the risk of shoulder and back injuries. This resource includes videos and PDFs for download.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent shoulder injuries.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent back injuries.

    For more exercises, visit http://fittoplay.org/.

    Get Set Neuromuscular Training
    The Get Set app contains exercises that can be done at home. Created by the Oslo Sports Trauma Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, and Making Waves AS in 2014 for the International Olympic Committee, the app allows you to search by body part to view exercises that work to strengthen each area of the body, or search by sport to view a library of exercises that are specific to badminton.

    Download Get Set for Android.

    Download Get Set for iOS.

    Other Considerations (about this section)

    Sport-related Physicals
    Badminton is a physically demanding sport and some pre-existing conditions may increase the risk of injury. An annual sport-related physical evaluation ensuring fitness to play can help to reduce risk of injury. KidsHealth provides information about what sports physicals are, why they may be appropriate and where you may go to get them.

    Learn more about Kids Health Sports Physicals.

  • Coach & Teacher

    Talk to your organization or school about the prevention strategies below and how they might be incorporated into training and policies.

    Strength Training and Neuromuscular Training Program

    The risk of all lower body injuries may be reduced by up to 50% by regular participation in a balance training exercise program with a resistance training component, such as a neuromuscular training warm-up program.

    Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre Neuromuscular Training
    The Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre has developed a neuromuscular training warm-up program that can be adapted to many sports. Incorporating a warm-up program like this one into your training program at least two times per week has been associated with a significant reduction in lower body injuries.

    Click here to view video and poster.

    Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre Neuromuscular Training
    Encourage your players to adopt strength training exercises designed to prevent injuries to the shoulder and back. The Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre has developed exercises that specifically help keep the shoulder strong and reduce the risk of shoulder and back injuries. This resource includes videos and PDFs for download.
    Learn more about exercises to help prevent back injuries.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent shoulder injuries.

    For more exercises, visit http://fittoplay.org/.

    Get Set Neuromuscular Training
    The Get Set app contains exercises that can be done at home. Created by the Oslo Sports Trauma Centre, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, and Making Waves AS in 2014 for the International Olympic Committee, the app allows you to search by body part to view exercises that work to strengthen each area of the body, or search by sport to view a library of exercises that are specific to badminton.
    Download Get Set for Android.

    Download Get Set for iOS.

    Other Considerations (about this section)

    Sport-related Physicals
    Badminton is a physically demanding sport and some pre-existing conditions may increase the risk of injury. An annual sport-related physical evaluation ensuring fitness to play can help to reduce risk of injury. KidsHealth provides information about what sports physicals are, why they may be appropriate and where you may go to get them.
    Learn more about Kids Health Sports Physicals.

    Facilities
    The Ontario Physical Education Association (OPHEA) provides recommendations for safely implementing badminton in elementary schools.
    Learn more about implementing badminton in elementary schools.

  • Official & Administrator

    Talk to your coaches, teachers, organization, or school about the prevention strategies below and how they might be incorporated into training and policies.

    Strength Training and Neuromuscular Training Program

    The risk of all lower body injuries may be reduced by up to 50% by regular participation in a balance training exercise program with a resistance training component, such as a neuromuscular training warm-up program.

    Click here to view video and poster.

    Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre Neuromuscular Training
    The Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre has developed exercises that specifically help keep the shoulder strong and reduce the risk of shoulder and back injuries. This resource includes videos and PDFs for download.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent back injuries.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent shoulder injuries.

    For more exercises, visit http://fittoplay.org/.

    Get Set Neuromuscular Training
    The Get Set app contains exercises that can be done at home. Created by the Oslo Sports Trauma Centre, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, and Making Waves AS in 2014 for the International Olympic Committee, the app allows you to search by body part to view exercises that work to strengthen each area of the body, or search by sport to view a library of exercises that are specific to badminton.

    Download Get Set for Android.

    Download Get Set for iOS.

    Other Considerations (about this section)

    Sport-related Physicals
    Badminton is a physically demanding sport and some pre-existing conditions may increase the risk of injury. An annual sport-related physical evaluation ensuring fitness to play can help to reduce risk of injury. KidsHealth provides information about what sports physicals are, why they may be appropriate and where you may go to get them.

    Learn more about Kids Health Sports Physicals.

    Facilities
    The Ontario Physical Education Association (OPHEA) provides recommendations for safely implementing badminton in elementary schools.

    Learn more about implementing badminton in elementary schools.

  • Health Professional

    The role of health professionals in preventing badminton injuries has two main components:

    1. Providing ongoing education to players, parents, and coaches on effective injury prevention programs such as balance and resistance training; and
    2. Ensuring that injured players are completely healed and fit-to-perform before returning to badminton to prevent re-injury or chronic injury.

    Strength Training and Neuromuscular Training Program

    The risk of all lower body injuries may be reduced by up to 50% by regular participation in a balance training exercise program with a resistance training component, such as a neuromuscular training warm-up program. To address the common injuries to the lower body, back and shoulders, the following exercises are recommended.

    Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre Neuromuscular Training
    The Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre has developed a neuromuscular training warm-up program that can be adapted to many sports. Incorporating a warm-up program like this one into the coach’s training program at least two times per week has been associated with a significant reduction in lower body injuries.

    Click here to view video and poster.

    Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre Neuromuscular Training

    The Oslo Sport Trauma Research Centre has developed exercises that specifically help keep the shoulder strong and reduce the risk of shoulder and back injuries. This resource includes videos and PDFs for download.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent back injuries.

    Learn more about exercises to help prevent shoulder injuries.

    For more exercises, visit http://fittoplay.org/.

    Get Set Neuromuscular Training
    The Get Set app contains exercises that can be done at home. Created by the Oslo Sports Trauma Centre, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, and Making Waves AS in 2014 for the International Olympic Committee, the app allows you to search by body part to view exercises that work to strengthen each area of the body, or search by sport to view a library of exercises that are specific to badminton.

    Download Get Set for Android.

    Download Get Set for iOS.

    Other Considerations (about this section)

    Sport-related Physicals
    Badminton is a physically demanding sport and some pre-existing conditions may increase the risk of injury. An annual sport-related physical evaluation ensuring fitness to play can help to reduce risk of injury. The American Academy of Pediatrics provides information about preparticipation physical evaluation.

    Learn more about Preparticipation Physical Evaluation.